Education in Canada

Higher education system in Canada

Canada’s higher education system is considered one of the best in the world. At the same time, the cost of training in Canadian universities is much lower than in the USA or Europe. Add to this the rather loyal requirements for foreign applicants – you can enter a Canadian university right from the bench of a Russian school – and you will understand why thousands of students every year choose this particular country for higher education. If you are planning to enroll in a university in Canada, check out this section for information on leading Canadian universities, their programs, tuition fees and admission requirements.

The Canadian government is interested in attracting foreign applicants. So, according to plans, by 2022 the number of foreigners receiving higher education in Canada should reach 450,000 people. According to the migration services, in 2014-2015 there were about 225 thousand of them. A small proportion are students of secondary schools and language courses, but the bulk of them came to study at universities.

The popularity of the country of the maple leaf among foreign applicants is not accidental. Canada’s higher education system is considered one of the best in the world. According to the data for 2014 of the international network of leading research universities Universitas21, Canada took the honorable third place in the world ranking (second place in Sweden, first in the United States).

Despite the fact that there is no single educational standard in the country (each province decides on education issues independently), the quality of education in all universities is considered equally high, and the technical base of Canadian higher educational institutions can only cause admiration. This is facilitated by the state and public funds, which generously finance the universities of their country.

A distinctive feature of the Canadian higher education system is considered to be the close relationship between science and practice. All students of Canadian universities must combine theoretical training in university lecture halls with practical training in state-of-the-art laboratories, which would be the envy of many US and European universities, as well as internships in real companies. In addition, the curricula of universities are drawn up and changed in accordance with the state of the labor market.

In accordance with Western standards, students who successfully complete 3-4 courses of a Canadian university receive a bachelor’s degree. At this point, most of the students stop their education: this is quite enough for working in middle positions. The magistracy, in which studies lasts from 1 to 3 years, depending on the specialization, are mainly received by those who aim to become top managers or want to connect their lives with science. It is impossible not to note the uniqueness of the Canadian master’s program: it lies in the fact that a student can study in it only in a specialty that has already been acquired over the past years. The hierarchy of the educational system is completed by doctoral studies with the assignment of a PhD degree, which lasts about 4 years. There are over 100 universities and university colleges in Canada. The main difference is that colleges provide applied education in technical and semi-professional specialties, while universities are more academic. However, it all depends on the specific educational institution. A number of colleges are not much inferior to universities and even qualify for a bachelor’s degree.

The choice of specialties offered by Canadian colleges and universities is huge and comprehensive. But the strongest areas have traditionally been IT, microelectronics, engineering, business and natural sciences. The demand for graduates of these specialties in both the Canadian and global markets is enormous.

The vast majority of universities and colleges in Canada are public. Despite the fact that the local authorities are involved in the supervision of universities, the level and quality of education in all educational institutions of the country are invariably high and are under state control. Depending on the province, educational programs may vary slightly.
Attendance and performance in Canadian universities is closely monitored. Repeated exams are not practiced, so the number of students for the second year is significantly reduced – the dropout rate for those who do not succeed is almost 50%.

The academic year traditionally begins on the first Tuesday in September and lasts until May-June – if the institution has adopted a semester system. With a trimester system, training continues throughout the summer. Since the country has two official languages, teaching can be in both English and French. Some universities offer tuition in both languages.