Study in China

Higher education in China

Every year, China, which demonstrates high-speed economic growth, is becoming an increasingly attractive destination for education. According to the latest data, more than 160 thousand foreign students are studying in China, including five thousand Russians. Why do Russian students want to go to China?

Proficiency in English today does not provide graduates with significant advantages in the labor market. Large employers often pay attention to the knowledge of a second foreign language. And it is the Chinese that can play into the hands of young specialists. Considering the annual growth in the number of Russian-Chinese business contracts.

Higher education system

The main feature of Chinese education is its age. The first “shuyuan” (academies) appeared there almost fifteen hundred years ago. Now the education system of the PRC has significantly changed, approached the European one and is represented by colleges, universities and higher schools.

Educational programs are provided for three levels:

the first (from four to five years) ends with a bachelor’s degree

the second (from two to three years) gives a chance to become a master

and those who have overcome the third stage become doctors of sciences.

The academic year in all universities begins on September 1, but you must apply for admission in advance: in February or March. The standard requirements for applicants are simple: applicants for the first stage must have secondary education and be over 18 years old, applicants for the title of masters must also provide letters of recommendation (from a teacher, research supervisor and / or employer). A significant advantage will be the availability of a certificate confirming a sufficient level of knowledge of the Chinese language – HSK.

Important: To obtain a certificate, you must pass an exam of one of six difficulty levels. For the first level (HSK-1), it is enough to know 150 words and master the basic grammatical structures of the Chinese language. Having a Level 6 Certificate (HSK-6) means fluently speaking and writing Chinese. The minimum for admission to universities in China is the HSK-4 certificate, which informs the admissions committee that the student knows more than a thousand words. For each level of difficulty, a separate exam is held, so you need to objectively assess your own knowledge in advance.

If a foreign applicant does not have an HSK certificate, language courses are expected for him, since most universities teach in Chinese. However, there are some master’s programs taught in English. Most often it is economics, finance and logistics, trade. In short, everything that is aimed at the global market.

Higher education in China: educational process

The academic year in Chinese universities is divided into two semesters: from September to January and from March to July. Key teaching methods include lectures by teachers, self-study and home writing. Most universities have adopted a credit (points) system. To proceed to the next course, the student must collect a certain amount of credits in each of the disciplines studied and pass an oral or written exam.

Subjects are divided into basic and optional. Key professional disciplines are studied by all students of the faculty, and optional ones are chosen according to their interests. A flexible system allows each student to establish himself in the labor market as a unique specialist who has attended a special educational course.

Chinese universities have strict attendance rules that prohibit being late for classes, leaving early, or missing lectures without good reason.

Higher education in China: which university to choose for a foreigner

There are more than two thousand higher vocational schools, colleges and universities in China. The level of their technical equipment competes with the leading European universities. However, not all universities are eligible to accept students from abroad. The reason lies in the fact that China seeks to increase the prestige of its universities in the world arena, therefore the most status organizations – Peking University of Language and Culture, Peking University and Fudan University in Shanghai – are leading in terms of the number of foreign students.

It is also worth paying attention to Tsinghua University, which has the status of the best place to study technical sciences in the PRC. Those wishing to get an education as close as possible to traditional Chinese should take a note of Nanjing University, located in the ancient capital of China. Its “ancestor” was the Imperial University, established in 285, which defines the status of Nanjing University as one of the oldest in the world.

Is it expensive to live in China

The cost of living and studying in China is several times lower than in many European countries and the United States. For example, ten thousand rubles a month will be enough for good food, shopping and entertainment. The cost of education for foreign students ranges from two to six thousand dollars a year for bachelor’s programs, no more than seven thousand dollars a year – for undergraduates, future doctors of science pay no more than nine thousand dollars a year.

Dormitories are also not very expensive: students pay for accommodation from two to ten dollars per day. The cost varies depending on the city of residence (the most expensive are Shanghai and Beijing) and equipment.

Important: Hierarchy can be traced in almost everything in China. Therefore, hostels are divided into male and female, and the Chinese and foreigners live in different buildings. Hostels are usually located on the same territory as the university, libraries, swimming pools and tennis courts. It is customary in libraries to do homework and prepare for class.

Higher education in China: scholarship support

Students from Russia can count on the financial support of the PRC government for doctors, undergraduates and bachelors. Fellows receive monthly 800 to 2,000 yuan, that is, from 9,600 to 23,400 rubles. The scholarship allows foreigners not to worry about paying for tuition, accommodation, meals and insurance.

In addition, the popularization of Chinese culture is stimulated: those who come on short-term exchange programs receive at least 800 yuan every month. The decision on granting a scholarship status to a foreign student remains with a special council – the China Scholarship Council. The Chinese Embassy accepts application forms annually until March. You can also send an application directly to the China Scholarship Council.
Selected candidates receive a referral to universities in China, where they themselves choose a suitable educational program. For research activities in China, there is an international CHINA: UNESCO the Great Wall Fellowship Scheme, which finances accommodation and research work.

Important: The package of documents for the scholarship holder consists of a questionnaire, a copy of a certificate or diploma. In some cases, a research project will be needed. Documents are filled out in Chinese or English, if other languages ​​are used, a translation must be attached.

Look into the future

What about a student who went to study in China? First of all, he has strategic thinking. China has already overtaken the United States in terms of GDP. Its economy is growing, and Western crises have little effect on the systematic advancement of the country. The lion’s share of the country’s budget is spent on education and technical equipment of universities. This ensures that diplomas from Chinese universities will be appreciated more and more every year.