Education in GERMANY

Higher education at universities in Germany is currently one of the most popular in the educational market. The country of medieval castles and mineral springs ranks third in the world in terms of the number of foreign students, their number exceeds 400 thousand. And the thing is that German universities harmoniously combine old university traditions with the latest achievements of science and technology. With a German diploma, you can find work both in Germany itself and in the UK and the USA.

At the moment, the government and educational institutions of Germany are pursuing an active policy of attracting foreigners, due to which the number of foreign students, including Russians, who come to study in Germany, has increased several times. In addition, upon completion of their studies, foreign students are granted the right to stay in Germany for up to 18 months. An additional plus is also the cheap life in Germany, in comparison with other Western countries, as well as its proximity to Russia.

To obtain higher education at a university in Germany, an excellent knowledge of the German language is a prerequisite. For those who are not yet very good at German, we can recommend preparatory language courses in language schools in Germany. The difference between the Russian and German school education systems is that in Russia there is formally 11-year school education. In Germany, education is 12-13 years old on the basis of a gymnasium. Therefore, when entering a university in Germany, a Russian school certificate is not recognized. To continue studying in Germany after graduating from a Russian school, you must either study for 1 year at a Russian university recognized in Germany, or enter a preparatory college (Studienkolleg) in Germany, also for 1 year. After that, you can apply to a German university.

If you have already entered a university in Russia, then you can only enter the same or a very similar specialty in Germany. If you already have a completed higher education, then you can continue your studies in a magistracy in the same or a similar specialty.

Куда пойти учиться

Do you dream of a career as a scientist and would like to do research during your studies? Then you need & nbsp; university & nbsp; (Universitat, abbreviated Uni). If you are interested in science and engineering, take a look at & nbsp; technical universities & nbsp; (Technische Universitaten, TU) and & nbsp; Institutes of Applied Sciences & nbsp; (Fachhochschulen, FH). By the way, today the list of specialties in them has expanded significantly and often includes humanitarian education.

If you associate your future with creativity, for example, with music or painting, then you have a direct road to & nbsp; creative universities & nbsp; (Musikschulen & nbsp; and Kunsthochschulen). It is interesting that every third student there is a foreigner, while in other higher educational institutions in Germany there are no more than 13%.

Education in German universities can go both in German and in English and French. A large number of programs in foreign languages ​​are presented in private universities, however, state ones are trying to keep up with the general trend by opening foreign language courses.

Germany, like other European countries, has a two-stage higher education system. The bachelor’s degree is awarded in 3-3.5 years (6-7 semesters), depending on the specialty. With good results, you can continue your studies and in 1-2 years (2-4 semesters) get a master’s (master’s) degree.
There are a number of specialties where a bachelor’s degree is not provided: for example, for doctors, teachers, pharmacists, lawyers. For doctors, vocational education in Germany lasts 13 semesters, teachers study 10, pharmacists – 8, lawyers – 9.
There are conditions without which, alas, it is impossible to study in German universities, with all the will.
Let’s start with the language. Everyone understands: to study in Germany, you need to know German well. But to what extent is it good? How to assess how your knowledge corresponds to a real need? The easiest way is to take the test online, for example at www.ondaf.de or www.testdaf.de.

It’s not just about being able to speak freely on general topics. There are also specialized tests. For example, if your future specialty is somehow related to technology, an excellent test of knowledge of physical and mathematical terms will be a free online test on the website www.global-assess.rwth-aachen.de.

Did you get the required number of points (at least 80 out of 100 possible)? Congratulations! Not? Just don’t despair. This only means that to get a higher education in Germany, you will have to learn German. This can be done either online or in courses at language schools in Germany.

Ready for admission

After the 11th grade of the Russian school, you can enter the Studienkolleg in Germany. These educational institutions work at universities with the aim of preparing students whose secondary education document does not correspond to the German Abitur certificate. Studying at Studienkolleg takes 1 year and according to the results, the state exam Feststellungspruefung is passed, with which you can enter the university.

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